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References and Resources - Links to further Readings on the Living Wage Issue

The material below appears as Appendix O of the task force's 2005 report. It is provided here to allow easy linkage to the online resources.

References and Resources

American Institute for Economic Research. (January 10, 2005). The AIER Cost-of Living Guide. Research Reports. Vol. 72(1), 1-4. Retrieved October 26, 2005 from

American Institute for Economic Research. (2005). Cost-of-Living Calculator. Retrieved July-October 2005 from

ACORN Living Wage Resource Center (2005). Website. Retrieved from (ACORN is one of the lead groups in the country promoting living wage campaigns.)

ACORN. (2003) Living Wage Campaigns: An Activist’s Guide to Organizing a Movement forEconomic Justice. Excerpts available from Wayne State University Labor Studies Center. Retrieved from

Adams, Scott and David Neumark (2005). A Decade of Living Wages: What Have We Learned? Retrieved from (These researchers conclude that living wages deliver some benefits to low-income families, but additional policies are needed to help the most disadvantaged and low-skilled workers.)

Adams, Scott & David Neumark (2004). The Economic Effects of Living Wage Laws: A Provisional Review. Retrieved from (An earlier article by Scott and Neumark summarizes their research on living wage laws and their effects.)

Allegretto, Sylvia A. (2005). Basic Family Budgets, Economic Policy Institute Briefing Paper No. 165, Sept. 1, 2005. (This paper explains the living wage concept and the “calculator” that EPI has developed to generate living wage figures for different localities in the U.S.)

Campus Living Wage Project: (2005). Interviews with Activists. ). (This website, created by Adam Stone, a student who left college to pursue the interviews it showcases, appears to be current, with updates in October 2005.)

Ciscel, David. (1999). What Is a Living Wage for Memphis? Center for Research on Women, University of Memphis. Retrieved from

Elmore, Andrew. (2003). Living Wage Laws & Communities: Smarter Economic Development, Lower than Expected Costs. Economic Justice Project of NYU’s Brennan Center. Retrieved from (This is a pro-living-wage report.)

Employment Policies Institute. (2005). Website. Retrieved from (This is a strongly anti-living wage organization, not to be confused with the pro-living-wage Economic Policy Institute.)

Georgetown Living Wage. (2005). Website. . (This is a website maintained by pro-living-wage student activists at Georgetown University, which has adopted a living wage. It appears to be current through spring 2005.)

Harvard Living Wage Campaign. (2005). (This pro-living-wage website, created by pro-living-wage students at Harvard University, which has adopted a living wage, does not appear to be currently maintained. Nevertheless, it is interesting as an archive of an influential campaign.)

Jobs with Justice. (2005). Students, Workers Win Big at Washington University:  After 19 Days, Sit-In Finally Over. (JWJ reports on the most recent high-profile and successful campus living wage campaign, at Washington University in St. Louis.)

Levin-Waldman, Oren M. (2004). Political Economy of the Living Wage: A Study of the Four Cities. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Living Wage Research. (2005). Website. (The Employment Policy Foundation hosts this anti-living-wage website. It does not appear to be current, but it is a good source of information about the general views of opponents of a living wage.)

Mackinac Center for Public Policy. (2000). Privatization by the Book: Competition for Campus Bookstores. (This pro-privatization organization describes why it sees bookstores as a prime and desirable target for privatization on campuses.)

Mid-South Interfaith Network for Economic Justice. (2005). Memphis Living Wage Campaign. Retrieved from

Neumark, David. (2002). How Living Wage Laws Affect Low-Wage Workers and Low-Income Families. (Neumark examined 36 cities with living wage laws and found that slight job losses caused by the law were outweighed by decreases in family poverty.)

Oster, Sharon. (2005). Privatizing University Services. Retrieved from . (A critical view)

Palmer, Barbara. (2004). More Information Needed on Campus Workers, Committee Says. Retrieved from (A University committee recommends “the University begin compiling annual status reports on the job classifications and compensation of its own temporary and casual employees and begin requiring contractors to supply detailed information about the number and compensation of individuals employed to perform work on campus.”)

Pearce, Diana & J. Brooks. (2002). The Self-Sufficiency Standard for Tennessee. Wider Opportunities for Women/ State Organizing Project for Family Economic Self-Sufficiency. Retrieved from

Pollin, Robert & Stephanie Luce. (2000). The Living Wage: Building a Fair Economy. New York: New Press.

Responsible Wealth (2005). Business Leaders and Investors for a Living Wage. Retrieved from .

Sklar, Holly, et al. (2002). Raise the Floor: Wages and Policies that Work for All of Us. Boston, MA: South End Press.

Swarthmore Living Wage and Democracy. (2004). Website. Retrieved from (This site does not appear to have been updated since December 2004, but it contains interesting information about a study conducted by an Ad Hoc Committee, and subsequent recommendations by the college administration.)

United Students Against Sweatshops. (2005). Living Wages NOW for Campus Workers! Retrieved from (This section of the USAS website focuses on promoting a living wage for campus workers.)

Universal Living Wage. (2005). Website. Retrieved from (This website is devoted to promoting the Universal Living Wage, a proposal that would apply to all workers in the U.S., tied through a formula to local housing costs.)

U.S. Department of Labor. (2005) Minimum Wage Laws in the States - January 1, 2005. Retrieved from

U.S. Census Bureau (2005). American Community Survey, 2004: State Median Family Income. Retrieved from

Vanderbilt Living Wage. (2005). Retrieved from (This website is maintained currently by pro-living-wage student activists at Vanderbilt.)

Wider Opportunities for Women. (2003). Setting the Standard for American Working Families: A Report on the Impact of the Family Economic Self-Sufficiency Project Nationwide.

Wood, Daniel. (2002). Living Wage Laws Gain Momentum Across U.S., Christian Science Monitor, Retrieved from