nThe state and federal governments owned almost 50% of the land in Hawaii and 47% was in the hands of seventy-two private landowners. On the heavily populated island of Oahu, twenty-two landowners held 73% of the fee simple titles.
nThe state legislature concluded that such concentrated land ownership was responsible for skewing the state’s real estate market in the area of home ownership, that
it inflated land prices,
and that it was detrimental to the public
nThe Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the state of Hawaii had not violated the Public Use Clause by adopting a policy for the redistribution of land as a means of reducing the high concentration of ownership by a small number of individuals.