nThe Social Security Amendments of 1954 created a federal
disability insurance program.
nThis program has considerably reduced the economic
insecurity of American
workers, and it has also generated considerable business for lawyers. Some lawyers specialize in assisting citizens
with disability claims filed
with the Social Security Administration.
nTo receive benefits under the Social Security Disability
program, a person must have a
physical or mental health problem that is severe enough to prevent them from working in an
income-producing job for at least
nDuring President Clinton’s first term, the Social
Security Administration recognized
alcoholism and drug abuse as disabilities, a policy that generated considerable political controversy. Critics
claimed that the federal
government was subsidizing alcohol and drug abuse.
nUnder the Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996,
people are not eligible for
disability benefits if drug or alcohol abuse is a “material factor” in their disability.