nIn 1947, Congress passed a second statute of immense importance in this field. A more conservative piece of legislation, the Taft-Hartley Act imposed limits on organized labor.
nSpecifically, the act prohibited “closed shops,” a
policy under which one’s job is
contingent on belonging to the union.
The Act also prohibited secondary boycotts, where striking workers take action against third-party suppliers or buyers that deal with the company being struck. Finally, Taft-Hartley allowed the President to impose an eighty-day “cooling off period” when a strike created a national emergency. Proponents of Taft-Hartley saw it as a necessary correction to the excesses
permitted by the Wagner Act.