Emergence of the Legal Profession
Barristers were lawyers permitted to cross the
“bar” in the courtroom that separated the
judge’s bench from the spectators.
The barristers received their training in the Inns
of Court, institutions in London located close to
Westminster Hall, where the higher courts sat.
Experienced barristers gave lectures and
presided over moot courts. After several years of
training, students became eligible to serve as
Although we do not use the term barrister in the
United States, we do refer to licensed attorneys
as having been “admitted to the bar.”