nParents may terminate their own parental rights, for example, by consent to adoption. A common instance is where the custodial parent remarries and the non-custodial parent consents to adoption of a child by the custodial parentís new spouse.
nIn some instances one parent seeks to terminate the parental rights of the other, but these cases are the exception.
nThe necessity to terminate parental rights most often begins with police action; however, police agencies generally refer cases of abused or neglected children to
a state social agency.
nWhen a social agency discovers such parental
deficiencies the child is
often removed and placed in foster care while efforts are made to remedy the problems.