nStepparent adoptions. In some instances an unmarried woman gives birth to a child and later marries a man who
is not the father and the
new husband adopts the child. In other
instances a divorced parent who has custody of a child remarries, the non-custodial parent consents, and the custodial parentís new spouse adopts the child.†
nAgency adoption. A governmental or private adoption agency arranges for the adoption. Typically, the parents
of the child have given
their consent to adoption or their parental
rights have been terminated by court action.
nPrivate placement adoption. Here intermediaries, usually a physician and lawyer, arrange for birth parents to
consent to adoption. Not all
states permit this category of adoptions.