nOrganized crime involves offenses committed by persons
or groups who conduct their business through illegal enterprises.
nUnder its power to regulate foreign and interstate commerce, Congress enacted the Organized Crime Control Actof 1970. Title IX of the act is entitled “Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations” and is commonly referred to by the acronym RICO.
nThe law prohibits infiltration of legitimate
organizations by racketeers
where foreign or interstate commerce is affected. In addition to increased criminal penalties,
the new RICO statute
provides for forfeiture of property used
in criminal enterprises and permits the government to also bring civil actions against such enterprises.