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Water on the Moon !!!

The Moon Mineralogy Mapper, a reflectance spectrometer, was flown on the Indian’s first lunar
mission, Chandrayaan-1.  Larry Taylor of our PGI was a member of the M3 team, headed by
Carle Pieters, of Brown University.  Most of the members of this team are remote sensing specialists,
with strong physics backgrounds.  However, Larry was chosen for his knowledge of the actual lunar
rocks and soils, sort of the “ground truth” for the observations.  After months of heated discussion
about interpretations and rendering of the spectral data, we all agreed on this great new finding of
“Water on the Moon.”  And after we discovered this evidence, two members of our team, who just happened to be on other mission teams, looked at their data and viola, it was there as well – great confirmation of this unequivocal evidence for water on our Moon.
This water is only a trace, being about 1000 ppm – squeeze a cubic yard of lunar soil, and you get
about one liter of water.  But, at ~$50,000/kg to take anything from Earth to the Moon’s surface,
this is GREAT!!   And this finding has nothing to do with the potential for water-ice in the permanently shadowed craters (~40 K) at the lunar poles. 

http://www.utk.edu/tntoday/2009/09/24/new-research-shows
-water-present-across-the-moons-surface/

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/24/science/space/24moon.html?
_r=2

http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/090923-moon-water-discovery.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8272144.stm

Recent Publications (2013) from the Planetary Geosciencs Institute.

  • Balta J. B., M. Sanborn, H. Y. McSween, and M. Wadhwa (2013) Magmatic history and parental melt composition of olivine-phyric shergottite LAR 06319: Importance of magmatic degassing and olivine antecrysts in Martian magmatism. Meteorit. Planet. Sci., in press.
  • Baziotis I. P., L. Yang, L. A., P. DeCarli, H. J. Melosh, H. Y. McSween, R. J. Bodnar, and L. A. Taylor (2013) The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Comm., doi:10.1038/ncomms2414.
  • Beck A. W., H. Y. McSween, and R. J. Bodnar (2013) In situ laser ablation ICP-MS analyses of dimict diogenites: Further evidence for harzburgitic and orthopyroxenitic lithologies. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 48, 1050-1059, doi:10.1111/maps.12129.
  • Burr, D.M., J. T. Perron, M. P. Lamb, R. P. Irwin III, G. C. Collins, A. D. Howard, L. S. Sklar, J. M. Moore, M. Ádámkovics, V. R. Baker, S. A. Drummond*, and B. A. Black* (2013) Fluvial features on Titan: Insights from morphology and modeling. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125, no. 3/4, p. 299-321, doi:10.1029/2011JE004008.
  • Burr, D.M., S.A. Drummond*, R. Cartwright*, B.A. Black*, and J.T. Perron (2013) Morphology of fluvial networks on Titan: evidence for structural control. Icarus 226, p. 742–759, 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.06.016
  • Chojnacki*, M.,D.M. Burr and J.E. Moersch (2013) Valles Marineris dune fields as compared with other Martian populations: diversity of dune compositions, morphologies, and thermophysical properties. Icarus, accepted.
  • Fenton, L. K., R.K. Hayward, B.H.N. Horgan, R.M. Rubin, T.N. Titus, M.A. Bishop, D.M. Burr, M. Chojnacki*, C.L. Dinwiddie, L. Kerber, A. LeGall, T.I. Michaels, L.D.V.Neakrase, C.E. Newman, D. Tirsch, H. Yizhaq, J.R. Zimbelman (2013) Summary of the Third International Planetary Dunes Workshop: Remote Sensing and Image Analysis of Planetary Dunes, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA, June 12–15, 2012. Aeolian Research, 8, p. 29-38, doi:10.1016/j.aeolia.2012.10.006.
  • Gilleaudeau, G.J. and Kah, L.C., 2013, Carbon isotope records in a Mesoproterozoic epicratonic sea: Carbon cycling in a low-oxygen world. Precambrian Research, v. 228, p. 85-101.   Click here for PDF
  • Golombek M. P. and H. Y. McSween (2013) Mars: Landing site geology, mineralogy and geochemistry. In Encyclopedia of the Solar System, 3rd edition, T. Spohn and T. Johnson, eds., in press.
  • Guo, H., Du, Y., Kah, L.C., Huang, J., Hu, C., Huang, H., 2013, Isotopic compositions of organic and inorganic carbon from the Mesoproterozoic of North China: Implications for biological and oceanic evolution. Precambrian Research, v. 224, p. 169-183.   Click here for PDF
  • Hazen, R.M., Downs, R.T., Jones, A.P., Kah, L.C., 2013, Carbon mineralogy and crystal chemistry. In Hazen, R.M., Baross, J., Hemley, R.J., and Jones, A.P. (eds.), Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, v. 75, p. 7-46.   Click here for PDF
  • Hazen, R.M., Downs, R.T., Kah, L.C., and Sverjensky, D., 2013, Carbon mineral evolution. In Hazen, R.M., Baross, J., Hemley, R.J., and Jones, A.P. (eds.), Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, v. 75, p. 79-107.   Click here for PDF
  • He Q., L. Xiao, W. Hsu, J. B. Balta, H. Y. McSween and Y. Liu (2013) The water content and parental magma of the second chassignite NWA 2737: Clues from trapped melt inclusions in olivine. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 48, 474-492, doi:10.1111/maps.12073.
  • Johnson C., S. McLennan, H. Y. McSween and R. E. Summons (2013) Smaller, better, more: Five decades of advances in geochemistry. Celebrating Advances in Geoscience, Geol. Soc. Amer. 125th anniversary volume, in press.
  • Liu Y., J. B. Balta, C. A. Goodrich, H. Y. McSween and L. A. Taylor (2013) New constraints on the formation of shergottite Elephant Moraine 79001 lithology A. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 108, 1-20, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.01.008.
  • Marchi S., W. F. Bottke, B. A. Cohen, K. Wunnemann, D. A. Kring, H. Y. McSween, M. C. De Sanctis, D. P. O’Brien, P. Schenk, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2013) High velocity collisions from the lunar cataclysm recorded in asteroidal meteorites. Nature Geosci. 6, 303-307, doi:10.1038/NGEO1769.
  • McSween H. Y. and S. M. McLennan (2013) Mars. In Treatise in Geochemistry, 2nd edition, A. M. Davis, ed., in press.
  • McSween H. Y., E. Ammanito, V. Reddy, T. H. Prettyman, A. W. Beck, M. C. De Santis, A. Nathues, L. Le Corre, D. P. O’Brien, N. Yamashita, T. J. McCoy, D. W. Mittlefehldt, M. J. Toplis, P. Schenk, E. Palomba, D. Turrini, F. Tosi, F. Zambon, A. Longobardo, F. Capaccioni, C. A. Raymond and C. T. Russell (2013) Composition of the Rheasilvia basin, a window into Vesta’s interior. J. Geophys. Res. 188, 335-346, doi:10.1002/jgre.20057.
  • McSween H. Y., R. P. Harvey and C. M. Corrigan (2013) Meteorites from Mars, via Antarctica. In 35 Seasons of U.S. Antarctic Meteorites (1976-2011): A Pictorial Guide to the Collection, K. Righter, T. McCoy, R. Harvey and C. Corrigan, eds., in press.
  • Russell C. T., C. A. Raymond, R. Jaumann, H. Y. McSween, M. C. DeSanctis, A. Nathues, T. H. Prettyman, E. Ammannito, V. Reddy, F. Preusker, D. P. O’Brien, S. Marchi, B. W. Denevi, D. L. Buczkowski, C. M. Pieters, T. B. McCord, J.-Y. Li, D. W. Mittlefehldt, J.-P. Combe, D. Williams, H. Hiesinger, R. A. Yingst, C. A. Polanskey, and S. P. Joy (2013) Dawn completes its mission at 4 Vesta. Meteor. Planet Sci., in press, doi:10.1111/maps.12091.
  • Singerling S. A., A. L. Modi, B. McFerrin, E. A. Worsham, H. Y. McSween, L. A. Taylor, R. Rumble and R. Tanaka (2013) Two new eucrite breccias from Northwest Africa. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 48, E1-E9.
  • Singerling S. A., H. Y. McSween and L. A. Taylor (2013) Glasses in howardites: Impact melts or pyroclasts?  Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 48, 715-729, doi:10.1111/maps.12099.
  • Szynkiewicz A., Modelska M., Buczyński S., Borrok D.M., Merrison J.P. (2013) The polar sulfur cycle in the Werenskioldbreen, Spitsbergen: Possible implications for understanding the deposition of sulfate minerals in the North Polar Region of Mars. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 106: 326-343.
  • Takir D., J. P. Emery, H. Y. McSween, C. A. Hibbits, R. N. Clark, N. Pearson, and A. Wang (2013) Nature and degree of aqueous alteration in CM and CI carbonaceous chondrites. Meteorit. Planet. Sci., in press, doi:10.1111/maps.12171.
  • Williams, R. M. E., R. P. Irwin, D.M. Burr, T Harrison, P. McClelland (2013) Variability in martian sinuous ridge form: Case study of Aeolis Serpens in the Aeolis Dorsa, Mars, and insight from the Mirackina paleoriver, South Australia. Icarus 225, p. 308-324, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.03.016.