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Water on the Moon !!!

The Moon Mineralogy Mapper, a reflectance spectrometer, was flown on the Indian’s first lunar
mission, Chandrayaan-1.  Larry Taylor of our PGI was a member of the M3 team, headed by
Carle Pieters, of Brown University.  Most of the members of this team are remote sensing specialists,
with strong physics backgrounds.  However, Larry was chosen for his knowledge of the actual lunar
rocks and soils, sort of the “ground truth” for the observations.  After months of heated discussion
about interpretations and rendering of the spectral data, we all agreed on this great new finding of
“Water on the Moon.”  And after we discovered this evidence, two members of our team, who just happened to be on other mission teams, looked at their data and viola, it was there as well – great confirmation of this unequivocal evidence for water on our Moon.
This water is only a trace, being about 1000 ppm – squeeze a cubic yard of lunar soil, and you get
about one liter of water.  But, at ~$50,000/kg to take anything from Earth to the Moon’s surface,
this is GREAT!!   And this finding has nothing to do with the potential for water-ice in the permanently shadowed craters (~40 K) at the lunar poles.

Recent Publications (2015) from the Planetary Geosciencs Institute.

  • Baker, V. R., C. Hamilton, D. M. Burr, V. Gulick, G. Komatsu, W. Luo, J.W. Rice, J.A.P. Rodriguez (2105) Fluvial geomorphology of Earth-like planetary surfaces: a review. Geomorphology, 245, 149-182, doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.05.002. 
  • Barry PH, Hilton DR, Day JMD, Pernet-Fisher JF, Howarth GH, Magna T, Agashev AM, Pokhilenko NP, Pokhilenko LN, Taylor LA. 2015. Helium isotopic evidence for modification of the cratonic lithosphere during the Permo-Triassic Siberian flood basalt event. Lithos 216-217:73-80
  • BeddingfieldGS, C.B., D. M. Burr, and J. P. Emery (2015) Fault geometries on Uranus' satellite Miranda: Implications for internal structure and heat flow.  Icarus 247, 35-52, 10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.048
  • Burr, D. M., A. D. Howard (2015) Introduction to the special issue: Planetary geomorphology.  Geomorphology., 240, 1-7.
  • Burr, D. M., N. T. Bridges, J. K. Smith, J. R. Marshall, B. R. White, and D. W. Williams (2015) The Titan Wind Tunnel: a new tool for investigating extraterrestrial aeolian environments.  Aeolian Res. 205-214, doi: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.07.008.
  • Burr, D. M., N. T. Bridges, J. R. Marshall, J. K. Smith, B. R. White, J. P. Emery (2015)  Higher-than-predicted saltation thresholds on Titan.  Nature 517, 60-66, 10.1038/nature14088.
  • Chen Y, Liu Y, Guan Y, Eiler JM, Ma C, Rossman GR, Taylor LA. 2015. Evidence in Tissint for recent subsurface water on Mars. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 425:55-63. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.004
  • Day JMD, Barry PH, Hilton DR, Burgess R, Pearson DG, Taylor LA. 2015. The helium flux from the continents and ubiquity of low-3He/4He recycled crust and lithosphere. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 153:116-133.
  • Day, J.M.D., Corder, C.A., Rumble III, D., Assayag, D., Cartigny, P., and Taylor, L.A., 2015. Differentiation processes in FeO-rich asteroids revealed by the achondrite Lewis Cliff 88763, Meteoritics and Planetary Science 50, 1750-1766.
  • Howarth GH, Sobolev NV, Pernet-Fisher JF, Ketcham RA, Maisano JA, Pokhilenko LN, Taylor D, Taylor LA. 2015. 3-D X-ray tomography of diamondiferous mantle eclogite xenoliths, Siberia: A review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 101:39-67.
  • Howarth, G.H., Pernet-Fisher, J.F., Bodnar, R.J., and Taylor, L.A., 2015, Evidence for the exsolution of Cl-rich fluids in Martian magmas: Apatite petrogenesis in the enriched lherzolite shergottite Noethwest Africa 7755, 2015, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 166, 234-248. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2015.06.031
  • Lefort, A., D. M. Burr, F. Nimmo and R. E. Jacobsen* (2015) Channel slope reversal near the Martian dichotomy boundary: testing tectonic hypotheses.  Geomorphology, 240, 121-136.
  • Logvinova AM, Taylor LA, Fedorova EN, Yelisseyev AP, Wirth R, Howarth G, Reutsky VN, Sobolev NV. 2015. A unique diamondiferous peridotite xenolith from the Udachnaya kimberlite pipe, Yakutia: role of subduction in diamond formation. Russian Geol. Geophys. 56, 306-320.
  • Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Liu, Y., Rossman, G.R., Zhuravlev, K., Prakapenka, V., Dera, P., and Taylor, L.A., 2015, Tissintite, (Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6, a highly-defective, shock-induced, high-pressure clinopyroxene in the Tissint martian meteorite. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 422, 194-205.
  • Matsubara,Y., A. D. Howard, D. M. Burr, R. M. E. Williams, W. E. Dietrich, J. M. Moore (2015) River meandering on Earth and Mars: A comparative study of Aeolis Dorsa meanders, Mars and possible terrestrial analogs of the Usuktuk River, AK, and the Quinn River, NV.  Geomorphology, 240, 102-120.
  • McKay, D. S., Cooper, B. L., Taylor, L. A., James, J. T., Thomas-Keprta, K., Pieters, C. M., Lee, T. S., 2015. Physicochemical properties of respirable-size lunar dust. Acta Astronautica, 107, 163-176.
  • Pernet-Fisher, J. F., Howarth, G. H., Pearson, D. G., Woodland, S., Barry, P. H., Pokhilenko, N. P., Taylor, L. A, 2015. Plume impingement on the Siberian SCLM: Evidence from Re-Os isotope systematics. Lithos, 218-219, 141-154. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2015.01.010
  • Sobolev, N.V., Dobretsov, N.L., Ohtani, E., Taylor, L.A., Schertl, H.P., and Pal’yanov, Y.N., 2015, Crystallogenesis and Mineralogy: Link to Deep Carbon Cycle. Russian Geol. And Geophys., Spec. Issue, vol 56, issue 1-2.