Soc 563 Demographic Techniques

Course goals

To learn of various census, vital registration, and survey materials employed by population statistics users in constructing rates, ratios, and measures of demographic variables as well as developing population indicators.
To become acquainted with various population theories, life table (single decrement, multiple decrement) and multi-stage models, model life table (empirical & relational), and stable population.
To become familiar with the logic of spreadsheets.
Software packages are available to construct indicators, rates, ratios, estimates, and projections. Surf the net to find them.

The Office of Disability Services requires that the following be added to the course syllabus.
"If you need course adaptations or accomodations because of a documented disability or if you have emergency information to share. Please contact the Office of Disability Services at Hoskins Library at 974-6087. This (action) sic will ensure that you are properly registered for services."

Prerequisites: None. Be willing to learn the logic of a spread sheet (tell a computer how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide).

Coursework includes: Some lectures, some library work, and use of computer to complete exercises. If you have never read anything on population, see me. I will suggest an appropriate introductory text. For those who want more detail, audit Soc 462. See link at end of the syllabus for Population Problems.

Required texts:NOTE: Before purchasing these materials please see me to discuss your reasons and goals in taking this course. These materials are graded in sophistication. Which volumes you purchase will be determined by course goals.

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography.
     Guilford Press. New York: 1988.

(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. 

(S)  George W. Barclay.  Techniques of population analysis.
     Wiley.  N.Y.:  1958. (Out of print, but still worth
     trying to find a copy.)

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.).
     The methods and materials of demography.  U.S. GPO,
     Washington, D.C., 1973.  Skim (en toto).

(S)  Guillaume J. Wunsch and Marc G. Termote. Introduction to
     demographic analysis: Principles and methods.
     Plenum. New York: 1978. (Out of print, but still worth
     trying to find a copy.)

Reading Assignments: Your syllabus is divided into required (R) and suggested (S) readings. In some cases the materials are highly redundant, but graded by sophistication of coverage. You should read the materials which are appropriate to your interests in taking this course.

Lab assignments: A series of exercises has been constructed. Some are to be completed as spreadsheets. We used LOTUS, but any software program will do. To access the exercises find the links in the syllabus. Some exercises are suggested for those who have access to POPSYN.

The exercises will:

  1. acquaint you with traditional data sources. (You should explore data sources that are available of the web and learn how to download data files.
  2. introduce to you selected population theories and specific techniques.
*********************
I.   Review of assumptions underlying demographic analysis.

Introduction to demography--Assumptions of the population model;
its basic variables; theoretical versus applied demography.

Distinguish between period and cohort approaches in the study of
population.  What are the advantages and disadvantages of each approach
for data collection, measurement, and analysis?

(R)  N.B. Ryder.  "Notes on the concept of population" American Journal
     of Sociology.  Vol. 69 No. 5 (March, 1964):  447-463.

(S)  N.B. Ryder.  The cohort approach:  Essays in the temporal variation
     of demographic phenomena.  Princeton Ph.D.  1951.  Microfilm. 

(S)  N.B. Ryder.  "The translation model of demographic change" in
     Emerging techniques of population research.  Milbank Memorial
     Fund, 1963.  Pp. 65-81.

(S)  Donald W. Hastings and Linda G. Berry (eds.) Cohort analysis:
     A collection of interdisciplinary readings. Scripps Foundation.
     Miami, OH: 1979. pp. 1-15. (For Spanish speaking students, see.
     Donald W. Hastings, Linda G. Berry, Jose M. Rodriguez. "El
     analisis cohorte -- su logica y utilidad." Revista Mexicana
     de Sociologia. Ano Xl, Numero extraordinario (E), 1978. pp. 299-331.)

(S)  Guillaume J. Wunsch and Marc G. Termote. Introduction to demographic
     analysis: Principles and methods. Plenum. New York: 1978. pp. 51-79
     and pp. 7-49. (Out of print. If you want a copy,  you may have to use
     web to find a copy.) 

II.  Discussion of data sources:  census; vital registration; survey and
     historical evidence.

What kinds of data sources do demographers use?  What sources can be used
for the construction of elementary measures on primary demographic variables 
as well as other variables of interest to social demographers?  What are
advantages and disadvantages of each source?  How can one use material in
other sources?  Is meaning as used by some sociologists, such as Cicourel,
important when examining information contained in these sources?

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 3-21.

(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 1. 

(S)  George W. Barclay. Techniques of population analysis. Wiley.  N.Y.: 1958.
     Pp. 1-15, 56-92, and 15-55.

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.).  The methods
     and materials of demography.  U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1973. or
     1976. pp. 1-104. 

(S)  Ronald Pressat.  Demographic analysis:  Methods, results, applications.
     Translated by Judah Matras.  Aldine-Atherton, Chicago:  1972.
     Chapter 1, pp. 1-12.

(S)  W. Parker Mauldin.  "Applications of survey techniques to fertility
     studies" in Mindel C. Sheps and Jeanne Clare Ridley (eds.).
     Public health and population change:  Current research issues.
     University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh:  1965.  Pp. 93-115.

(S)  T.H. Hollingsworth.  Historical demography:  The sources of
     history-studies in the uses of historical evidence.  The Sources
     of History Ltd., Hodder and Stoughton, Ltd.  Camelot Press, 
     London, 1969.  

(S)  Philip M. Hauser and Otis Dudley Duncan.  "The data and methods"
     in Philip M. Hauser and Otis Dudley Duncan (eds.).  The study of
     population:  An inventory and appraisal.  The University of Chicago
     Press, Chicago:  1959.  Pp. 45-75.  (SP)

(S)  Mortimer Spiegelman.  Introduction to demography.  Society of
     Actuaries, Chicago, 1955. Chapters 2 and 3.  Pp. 8-70.

(S)  Ian I. Mitroff, Richard O. Mason, Vincent P. Barabba.  The 1980
     census:  Policymaking amid turbulence.  Lexington, Mass.:
     Lexington Books.  1983.

(S)  U.S. Bureau of the Census.  Census '80:  Continuing the factfinder
     tradition by Charles P. Kaplan and Thomas L. Van Valey and Associates.
     Washington, D.C.  GPO 1980.

(S)  Nathan Keyfitz.  "Statistics, law and census reporting," 5-13;
     Norman B. Ryder.  "Demographic uncertainty" 14; Dudley L. Poston,
     Jr.  "Manipulating population counts,"
     15-17; Donald J. Bogue.  "Against adjustment," 18; Jay Weinstein.
    "Social goals and census protest," 19-21; Dudley Kirk.
     "Politics of demography," 22-25 in Society Vol. 18 No. 2
    (Jan/Feb., 1981).

NB.  Pay attention to articles in the NY Times, Science and weekly news
     magazines that discuss adequacy of the coverage of homeless,
     possibility of court cases challenging accuracy of census,
     and reluctance of public to complete long form. 

THE LOGIC OF SPREAD SHEETS. 

NB The format for many of the exercises in this course was
   intially developed by Paul Wozniak and David Yaukey.
*******
The links in this course are set up as follows:
Assignment with table and key values to be used as a guide for
identifying appropriate spreadsheet located in /~dhastings/ file.htm
Lotus files with table and key values which may be worked
to complete assignment. Locate in /~dhasting/download/file.wk1.

Lotus Files to be Downloaded

Read only files with answers located in /~dhasting/answers file.htm and accessible with password only.

At the end of the courses I will provide Lotus files with worksheets completed that have the calculations completed. These files will be downloaded from /exfiles file.wk1 with password only.

Assignment #1 - Complete the data entry on Exercise 1 Tables 1-8.

Table 1-EST. POP BY AGE AND SEX, US, 1980.
Table 2-LIVE BIRTHS BY AGE OF MOTHER & BY SEX, US, 1980.
Table 3-CEB AND MARST BY AGE, RACE, & RACE AND SPANISH ORIGIN, 1980.
Table 4-MARST, PRESENCE OF SPOUSE, MAR HISTORY, 15+ BY SEX & AGE, 1980.
Table 5-NO. OF MARRIAGES BY AGE & SEX, US, 1980.
Table 6-DEATHS BY AGE & SEX, US, 1979,80,& 81.
Table 7-NUPTIALITY MEASURES.
Table 8-FETAL DEATHS BY AGE OF MOTHER, RACE, BY SEX, US, 1980.

*********
TO DOWNLOAD ANSWERS SEE LINKS AFTER EXERCISE 10 TOWARD END OF SYLLABUS
*********

OPTIONAL READ INTRODUCTORY MATERIALS ON POPSYN. 
Jean Bacon et al., GB Synthesisizer: A Software Integrator--User's Manual.
Garcia-Bogue Research & Development, Ltd.: Chicago, 1989. (Eventually 
you should become familiar with the Manual. Read Chapters 1-5. pp. 1-69.)

III. Age and sex structure

Discussion of various measures used to interpret the population pyramid
or age-sex structure of the population. Problems in coverage and accuracy. 

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 22-34.

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.).  The 
     methods and materials of demography.  U.S. GPO., Washington, D.C.,
     1973. or 1976. Chapters 7 & 8. pp. 105-144.

Assignment # 2 - In POPSYN run AGESX, PYRMD, and BEERS. Use the data 
from Exercise 1 Table 1. OPTIONAL -- If you want to see what happens
when you smooth an age distribution use these same data and run SMOTH.
If you want to check for age heaping or digit preference run MWHM, use
data on females from Table 41-Single years of age by race, Spanish
origin, sex: 1980. PC 80-1B1, p. 1-23. If you are familiar with
matrix multiplication it is fairly eaily to develop a spread sheet
in which you use multipliers to disaggregate age interval data into 
single ages.

Lotus File on Sprague Multiplers to disaggregate 5 year age groups.

III. Traditional measurements applied to primary variables of:

(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 2. 
     
     A.   Mortality

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 63-81.

(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 5.

(S)  George W. Barclay.  Techniques of population analysis.  Wiley.
     N.Y.:  1958. pp. 123-166.

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.).  The methods
     and materials of demography. U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1973. or 1976.
     Chapter 14. pp. 221-248.

(S)  Guillaume J. Wunsch and Marc G. Termote. Introduction to demographic
     analysis:Principles and methods. Plenum. New York: 1978. pp. 79-115.

(S)  James A. Palmore.  Measuring mortality:  A self-teaching guide to
     elementary measures. East-West Population Institute Paper No. 15,
     revised June, 1973.

Assignment # 3 - Calculate the crude rates. 

Calculation of Crude Rates

Assignment # 3B- Recast the hypothetical age-specific fertility rates
into a cohort grid. 

     See the introduction Donald W. Hastings and Linda G. Berry (eds.)
     Cohort analysis: A collection of interdisciplinary readings.
     Scripps Foundation. Miami, OH: 1979. pp. 1-15.

     Donald R. Ploch and Donald W. Hastings. "Cohort surfaces: A graphic
     approach to teaching social stability and change." Teaching Sociology
     Vol. 20, No. 3 (July,1992):192-200.  

Logic of Cohort Grid & Steps involved in converting period data to cohort data.
insert link to download exfiles--e3b1a.wk1

 
    B.   Fertility

(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 6. 

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.). The methods
     and materials of demography. U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1973. or 1976.
     Chapters 16,17 & 18. pp. 273-332.

(S)  Guillaume J. Wunsch and Marc G. Termote. Introduction to demographic
     analysis:Principles and methods. Plenum. New York: 1978. pp. 143-194. 

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 35-62.

(S)  George W. Barclay. Techniques of population analysis. Wiley. 
     N.Y.:  1958. pp. 167-202.

(R)  N.B. Ryder.  "Fertility" in (SP).  Pp. 400-436.

(R)  N.B. Ryder.  "Fertility measurement through cross-sectional surveys"
     Social Forces Vol. 54, No. 1 (September, 1975):  7-35.

(HS) James A. Palmore.  Measuring fertility and natural increases:
     A self-teaching guide to elementary measures.  East-West
     Population Institution Paper No. 16, revised October, 1972.

(S)  Donald J. Bogue and James A. Palmore.  "Some empirical and
     analytical relations among demographic fertility measures,
     with regression models for fertility estimation" Demography Vol 1,
     No. 1 (1964):  316-338.

(S)  Barry S. Tuchfield, Leverett L. Guess, and Donald W. Hastings.
     "The Bogue-Palmore technique for estimating direct fertility
     measures from indicators as applied to Tennessee counties, 1960-1979"
     Demography Vol. 11, No. 2 (1974):  195-205.

(S)  James A. Palmore. Regression estimates of changes in fertility,
     1955-60 to 1965-75, for most major nations and territories. 
     Papers of the East-West Population Institute. No. 58.
     Honolulu, East-West Center.

     OPTIONAL -- For a discussion of this technique see POPSYN Manual
     pp. 6-22 --6-25. PALMORE  is available on EASWEPOP: Fertility Estimate
     Programs Version 1.1. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1987. 

Assignment # 4 - Calculate the fertility measures. In POPSYN run ASFRPATT,
GFR-TFR, and TFR using the appropriate data from Exercise 1 Tables 1-8. 

Fertility Measures
GRR & NRR

     C.   Migration

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.). The methods
     and materials of demography. U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1973. or 1976.
     Chapters 20-21, pp. 349-405. 

(S)  P. Neal Ritchey, Donald W. Hastings, and Walter W. Robinson. 
     "Confidence to be given findings from fixed-period definitions of
     migration."  Population and Environment, Vol. 9, No. 4 
     (Winter, 1987): 201-224.

(S)  George W. Barclay. Techniques of population analysis. Wiley.
     N.Y.:  1958. pp. 241-261. 

(S)  Guillaume J. Wunsch and Marc G. Termote. Introduction to demographic
     analysis:Principles and methods. Plenum. New York: 1978. pp. 195-266. 

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 84-89.

Assignment # 5 - Complete the worksheets on migration measures. 
In POPSYN run MIGFLOW.

Balancing Equation
LTSR Net Migration
Selected measures
Average of Forward and Reverse LTSR Methods for Net Migration

     D.   Standardization - Direct and Indirect

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.). The methods
     and materials of demography. U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1973. or 1976. pp.
     241-244 & pp. 284-288.

(S)  A.J. Jaffee.  Handbook of statistical methods for demographers.  U.S.
     GPO, 1960.  Pp. 43-52.

(S)  J. Matras.  Population and societies. Prentice Hall.
     Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 1973.  Pp. 178-184.

Assignment # 6 - This exercise on direct and indirect standardization is
useful for comparing population statistics from different geographic units.
Note: The logic of indirect standardization is used in raking procedures
and in FUNCPROJ.

Indirect Standardization
Direct Standardization

     D. Nuptiality
 
Assignment # 7 -  Calculate the standard measures on nuptiality
crude marriage rate, general marriage rate, and singulate mean age at
marriage using the appropriate data for Exercise 1 Table 7.
In POPSYN run AGEMARRY using these data.

Nuptiality Measures

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 167-179.

(R)  John Hajnal. "Age at marriage and proportions marrying."  Population
     Studies Vol. 7, No. 2 (November, 1953): 111-136.
     
     Compare models of nuptiality Coale-McNeil, Coale-Trussell, and Hernes.

(S)  Donald W. Hastings and J. Gregory Robinson.  "A re-examination of
     Hernes model on the process of entry into first marriage for United
     States women, cohorts 1891-1945." American Sociological Review,
     Vol. 38 No. 1 (February, 1973): 138-142.
     
IV.  Life table technique as applied to:

(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 3.
     
     A.   Mortality

Review the history of the life table. Present the assumptions of the single
decrement life table for standard and stationary models. Note use of
associated decrement life table. Note assumption of interaction in life
table application. Present logic of multiple decrement life table and
multi-state life tables.

(S)  Barclay.  Ibid.  Pp. 93-122 and 286-297.

(R)  Henry S. Shryock, Jacob S. Siegel, and associates.  The methods and
     materials of demography.  Chapter 15, "Life Table."  Pp. 429-461.
     1976. pp. 249-276. 

Assignment # 8 - With the use of the appropriate information from Tables
in Exercise 1 complete the life table for US females 1980 with the Reed
Merrell method. Compare the Reed Merrell results with results of POPSYN
procedures. With the use of the ASDRs as input data in POPSYN run for ELT.
Also run LTWST. Look up the appropriate lx values in Coale-Demeny
"West" series then run LTSMTH.

Calculations for life table 1
Reed Merrell

(R)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 4 & 10.

(S)  Samuel H. Preston, Nathan Keyfitz, and Robert Schoen (with the
     collaboration of Verne E. Nelson).  Causes of death:  life tables
     for national populations.  Seminar Press, New York and London.
     1972, Chapter 2.  "Methods of Calculation."  Pp. 9-24.  (Read
     discussion of multiple-decrement life tables).

(S)  Mark Dignan, Mary Hall, and Donald W. Hastings.  "Effect of increased
     access to health care on mortality from cardiovascular disease in
     rural Tennessee."  Public Health Reports.  Vol 94, No. 2
     (March/April, 1979):  186-192.

(S)  Nathan Keyfitz.  "Finding probabilities from observed rates, or how
     to make a life table."  The American Statistician.  24(1970):  28-33.

(S)  Nathan Keyfitz and Wilhelm Flieger.  Population facts and methods
     of demography.  San Francisco.  W.H. Freeman.  Chapter 6.  Pp. 127-143.

Assignment # 9 - Available in my office.
(R)  Etienne van der Walle and John Knodel.  "Teaching population dynamics
     with a simulation exercise."  Demography Vol. 7, No. 4 (November, 1970):
     433-448. Answer questions posed for each simulation. Be ready to
     discuss these questions in class. These answers eventually need to be
     written to turn in with your folder. 

     B.   Nuptiality

(S)  Guillaume J. Wunsch and Marc G. Termote. Introduction to demographic 
     analysis: Principles and methods. Plenum. New York: 1978. pp. 117-141. 

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 89-105.

REVIEW IN CLASS -- Example of multiple-decrement life table.
Source: Walt Saveland and Paul C. Glick. "First-marriage decrement tables
by color & sex, U.S. 1958-60." Demography 6,3 (August, 1969): 243-322,
see esp. p. 245.

Multiple Decrement

(R)  Robert Schoen and Verne E. Nelson.  "Marriage, divorce, and mortality:
     a life table analysis." Demography Vol 11, No. 2 (May, 1974):  267-290.

(S)  Robert Schoen.  "Constructing increment-decrement life tables."
     Demography Vol. 12,  No. 2 (May, 1975):  313-324.

(S)  Scott M. Myers and Donald W. Hastings. "Convergence in rural-urban
     patterns of nuptiality and mortality: A life table update."
     Sociological Spectrum Vol. 15, No. 3 (July-September, 1995): 227-256.

(HS) Andrei Rodgers and K.C. Land.  Multi-dimensional mathematical
     demography.  New York:  Academic.  1982.

     C.   Contraceptive Effectiveness and fecundability

(S)  Robert G. Potter, Jr.  "Application of life table techniques to
     measurement of contraceptive effectiveness."  Demography.
     Vol. 3, No.2 (1966):  297-304.

     D.   Anthropological Data

(S)  Kenneth M. Weiss.  "The application of demographic models to
     anthropological data."  Human Ecology.  Vol. 3, No. 2 (1975):
     87-103.

Assignment # 10 - Calculate a life table under the assumption of a
stationary population using the Ascadi and Nemeskeri (1970) technique.
For a discussion of this technique see Douglas W. Owsley. A demographic
analysis of skeletons from the Larson Site (39WW2) Walworth County,
South Dakota. UTK. Anthropology. Dec. 1975. 

Ascadi and Nemeskeri

V.  Other life table models.

Sample of Survival Analysis using Life Table Method found in SPSS.

(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 7.

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.).  The methods
     and materials of demography. U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1973. or 1976.
     Chapter 24. pp. 483-507. 

VI.  Special topics
     A. Models of age structure

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 120-129. 

     B. Empirical model life tables.

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 130-141. 

     C. Relational model life tables

VII. Projections and Estimations.

Assignment # 11 - Examine interpolation formulas for TN county data. 

Linear interpolation for 95 Counties of TN.Total Population. 1990-2010.
Loglinear interpolation for 95 Counties of TN.Total Population. 1990-2010.

 
(S)  A.H. Pollard, Farhat Yusuf, G.N. Pollard. Demographic Techniques.
     Pergamon Press. New York. 1990. Chapter 8. 

(S)  Barclay.  Ibid.  Pp. 203-240.

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 180-189.

(R)  Henry S. Shryock and Jacob S. Siegel, Associates (eds.). The methods
     and materials of demography. U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1973. or 1976.
     Chapters 22-23. pp. 407-482. 

Assignment # 12 - In POPSYN run SP. (Optional)

(R)  Richard Irwin.  Guide for local area population projections.
     Technical Paper 39, U.S. Bureau of Census.  July, 1977.

(S)  Collin Newell. Methods and models in demography. Guilford Press.
     New York: 1988. pp. 151-166. 

Assignment # 13 - In POPSYN run FUNCPROJ. Estimate the numbers of males
and females by age in rural and urban Iowa who do not have indoor plumbing. (Optional)

Links to Answers with Calculations-Password Only

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation for Assignment #1.

ANSWERS TO Table 1 with calculations.
ANSWERS TO Table 2 with calculations.
ANSWERS TO Table 3 with calculations.
ANSWERS TO Table 4 with calculations.
ANSWERS TO Table 5 with calculations.
ANSWERS TO Table 6 with calculations.
ANSWERS TO Table 7 with calculations.
ANSWERS TO Table 8.

+++++

If you did not down the Sprague multiplier file for Assignment #2, please do so now.

Lotus File on Sprague Multiplers to disaggregate 5 year age groups.

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation for Assignment #3.

ANSWERS to Crude Rates with calculations

The following link provides Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation to Assignment #3B.

ANSWERS TO Conversion with calculation.

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculations for Assignment #4.

ANSWERS TO Fertility Measures with calculations.
ANSWERS TO GRR & NRR with calculations.

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation for Assignment #5.

No link is necessary for ANSWERS TO Balancing Equation

ANSWERS TO LTSR Net Migration with calculation
ANSWERS TO Selected measures with calculation
ANSWERS TO Average of Forward and Reverse LTSR Methods for Net Migration with calculation

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation for Assignment #6.

ANSWERS TO Indirect Standardization with calculations
ANSWERS TO Direct Standardization with calculations

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation for Assignment #7.

ANSWERS TO Nuptiality Measures with calculations

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation for Assignment #8.

ANSWERS to Calculations for life table 1 with calculations
ANSWERS to Reed Merrell with calculations

The following links provide Lotus spreadsheet files with answers and calculation for Ascadi & Nemeskeri (age and sex graded skeletal remains assuming stationary population model.

ANSWERS TO Ascadi & Nemeskeri with calculations

Some Web Sites for Demographic Data Sources

Federal Statistic
United Nations
Site prepared by U Michigan
Site prepared by MKEARL at Trinity College, TX

Population Reference Bureau
Links to population related websites
Data on population, health, & nutrition.PRB & USAID
Web site of Primary Source Media featuring Population Census Publications --Has files on CD ROM, microform, print and online.

Courses Taught

Undergraduate

Soc 311-Sociology of the Family--Available on request

Soc 331-Introduction to Research Methods

Soc 400-Special Topics: Environmental Awareness, Environmental Justice Movement, and Antienvironmentalism

Soc 405-Sociology of Sport

Soc 462-Population Problems

Graduate

Soc 531-Methods of Sociological Research

Soc 563-Demographic Techniques

Soc 534-Adv. Sociological Analysis (formerly taught with Suzanne Kurth)Available on request

Soc 665-Advanced Topics in Energy, Environment, and Natural Resources: Inequalities in Environmental Risk (formerly taught with Sherry Cable)

Seminar in Growth and Sustainability (with Sherry Cable)

Courses Taught in Physical Education

Advanced Competitive Swimming (Available on request - Snail mail)(Coaching resume available on E-Mail request)

Academic Resume


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