ADDRESS Department of Political Science
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville, TN 37996 0410
865/974 7050
3911 Woodhill Place
Knoxville,TN 37919
865/523 1061
EDUCATION Ph.D., Indiana University; 1967
M.A., Indiana University; 1965
A.B., Erskine College; 1959
ACADEMIC BACKGROUND Professor, University of Tennessee; 1994
Associate Professor, University of Tennessee; 1972-1994
Assistant Professor, McMaster University; 1967-72
Teacher, Aleppo College, Aleppo, Syria; 1959-62
Wasta: The Hidden Force in Middle East Society Westport, CT: Praeger (1993), with Yasin Sarayrah.
The Bank and the Bureau: Organizational Development in the Middle East; (New York: Praeger) 1988.

Creating and Maintaining an Ethical, Effective Public Organization, in Bishop, Patrick, Carmel Conners, and Charles Sampford, eds., Management, Organization, and Ethics in the Public Sector Hants, England: Ashgate, (2003): 219-233.

Pluralist Democracy: Balancing Publicity, Privacy, and Secrecy, Administrative Theory &Praxis 25/2 (2003): 299-308.

Theory and the Public Administration Student/Practitioner. Public Administration Review 62/1 (2002): 104-111, with Louis Weschler.

Anti-Administration: Redeeming Bureaucracy by Witnessing and Gifting. Administrative Theory and Praxis 23/4 (2001): 573-588, with Robert Schneider.

Transforming Danger into Opportunity: Jordan and the Refugee Crisis of 1990, in Ali Farazmand, ed. Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management (2001), New York: Marcel Dekker, 649-657; with Emad Mruwat and Yaser Adwan.

Servant Leadership. Public Voices 5:1-2 (2001) Introduction (pp. 1-8) and Conclusion (pp. 73-76).

Challenges to Privatization in Developing Countries: A New Look, in Ali Farazmand, ed. Privatization or Public Enterprise Reform? (2001), New York: Marcel Dekker, 239-253; with William Kurtz and Yaser Adwan.

Perspectives on Public-Sector Strategic Management, in Jack Rabin et al. Handbook of Strategic Management New York: Marcel Dekker, (2000); 545-560; with Lisa Zanetti.

The Kirton Adaptation-Innovation Inventory: Validity Issues, Practical Questions. Review of Public Personnel Administration 19/2 (1999): 18-31, with Michael Bobic and Eric Davis.

The Empowerment Construct in Manager-Executive Relationships. Administration & Society 30/4 (1998): 357-373, with Dorothy Olshfski.

"Deinstitutionalization" and "Appropriate Technology" entries in The International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration, Jay Shafritz, editor in chief, Henry Holt, 1997.

Action Research in Mental Health: Acute Care Teams. International Journal of Public Administration 20/11 (1997): 2023-2041, with Katherine Wallace.

The Politics of At-Risk Youth, in Robert F. Kronick, ed. At-Risk Youth: Theory, Practice, Reform New York: Garland Press, 1997; 41-64; with Sungroe Lee.

Experiential Learning in Public Administration. Journal of Public Administration Education 3/2 (1997): 219-228.

Meet Dr. Clay and Dr. Glass: A Leadership Exercise. Journal of Management Education 21/2 (1997): 262-264.

Administrative Reform in Jordanian Education. Journal of Developing Societies, 12/2 (1996): 205-216; with Yasin Sarayrah.

Public Enterprise Management in Jordan: Small Steps Toward Privatization; in Ali Farazmand, ed. Public Enterprise Management Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996, 189-207; with Yaser Adwan.

Student Teams Studying Organizations: Connecting the Classroom Through Field Experience. Journal of Public Administration Education 2/2 (1996): 131-142; with Mark Druker and Dragan Stefanovic.

Educating for Administrative Polyarchy: A New PA Challenge. International Journal of Public Administration, 17/7 (1994): 1351-1368; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Taming Wasta to Achieve Development. Arab Studies Quarterly 16/3 (1994): 29-41, with Yasin Sarayrah.

The Human Factor in Technology Transfer. International Journal of Public Administration 17 (1994) 101 118, with Yasin Sarayrah. [This is included in an on-line text available through Marcel Dekker in 2003.]

Fostering Community: A Significant Role for the Medina Souq. Arab Studies Quarterly 14 (Winter 1992) 61 75.

Campfire Decisionmaking and Strategic Management: A Politics and Leadership Approach to Economic Development; Public Administration and Development 11 (Sep Oct 1991) 511 520; with Yaser Adwan.

A Public Sector Alternative to Privatization in Developing Countries; in Farazmand, A. ed.; Handbook of Comparative and Development Public Administration (New York: Marcel Dekker) 1991; 641 649; with Yaser Adwan.

Perspectives on Public Sector Strategic Management; in Rabin, J.; Miller, G.; and Hildreth, B. eds. Handbook of Strategic Management (New York: Marcel Dekker) 1989; 123 139.

Confront and Engage for Organizational Development. Training and Development Journal 43 (February 1989) 71 72.

Establishing Assessment Center Validity. Public Personnel Management 15 (Spring 1986) 85 98; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Interpreting State Administrator Legislator Relationships. Western Political Quarterly 39 (March 1986) 104 117; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Evaluating Task Leadership: A Problem for Assessment Centers. Public Personnel Management 14 (Fall 1985) 293 299; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Improving Management Effectiveness by Training The Use of Video Techniques to Assist Self Appraisal. Technovation 3 (1985) 235 242; with Dorothy Olshfski.

"Objectifying" Assessment Centers. Review of Public Personnel Administration 3 (Summer 1985) 42 49; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Ethnic Conflict and Political Action: Political Parties and Voters in Urban Canada. International Review of Modern Sociology 5 (Autumn 1975) 143 155; with Henry Jacek.

Comparative Urban Voting Behavior: Canada and the United States. The American Review of Canadian Studies 3 (Autumn 1973) 76 100; with Gilbert Winham.

Dimensions of Family Loyalty in the Arab Middle East: The Case of Jordan. The Journal of Developing Areas 8 (October 1973) 55 64.

Perception of Institutions and Individuals: A Look at Alienation in the Middle East. Comparative Political Studies 4 (April 1971) 91 99.

The Impact of the Local Candidate in Canadian Federal Elections. Canadian Journal of Political Science. 4 (June 1971) 287 290.

Party Leader Images in the 1968 Federal Election. Canadian Journal of Political Science 3 (March 1970) 37 55; with Gilbert Winham. Reprinted in T. Hockin, ed., Apex of Power (Scarbrough: Prentice Hall, 1971), 71 91.


Governing Tennessee The Alexander Years; with Dorothy Olshfski, in progress.

Reframing the Theorist - Practitioner Nexus: Communicating by Fishing, Story-telling, and Appreciative Inquiry, with Lori Riverstone, Steve Roberts


Principled People-Yes; Principled Policies-No! 2003. Administrative Theory and Praxis 25/1: 109-111.

On the Nature of Graduate Student Research: A Review Essay. Administrative Theory and Praxis 23/2 (2001) 260-262 (with Richard Box and Cheryl King).

Principles of Experiential Learning. SPAE Forum 6/3: 3, March 1996.

Seeking an Effective MPA Curriculum. PA Times Educational Supplement. October 1994, pp. 6, 16, 18, 37 38.

The Gatlinburg Tourism Marketing Process: An Evaluation. July, 1986; with Michael Evans and Martin Ehlers.

Management Turnover in Tennessee Government. Knoxville: Bureau of Public Administration; 1985; with Dorothy Olshfski.

The Role of the Development District in Community Development. Knoxville: Bureau of Public Administration; 1974; with Connie Brown and Floydette Lomax.

"Housing Inspection in Tennessee," (Mimeo: Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee, December 1974). A report of research completed through a grant under Title VIII of the Housing Act of 1964; with Connie Brown and Floydette Lomax.

Community Development in Tennessee. Knoxville: Department of Political Science (University of Tennessee Knoxville, 1973); with Andy Allen, Marshall Peterson, and Carol Taylor).


Mary Parker Follett, The New State, Journal of Organizational Change Management 13/1 (2000) 89-91.

Ali Farazmand, ed. Handbook of Bureaucracy, International Review of Administrative Sciences, 62 (1996) 610-612

Linda Layne, Home and Homeland: The Dialogics of Tribal and National Identities in Jordan, International Journal of Islamic and Arabic Studies 10/1: 103-104.

Rodney Wilson, ed., Politics and the Economy in Jordan, Middle East Journal, 45 (Autumn, 1991): 680 681.

Book review essay: Bozeman, B. and Straussman, J. 1990. Public Management Strategies San Francisco: Jossey Bass; Quinn, R. 1988. Beyond Rational Management San Francisco: Jossey Bass; and Vaill, P. 1989. Managing as a Performing Art San Francisco: Jossey Bass. Public Productivity Review 14/3 (Spring 1991): 321 325.

Samir al Khalil, Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq; Middle East Journal, 44 (Summer 1990): 503 504.

David Kipnis, The Powerholders; The Journal of Politics, 39 (August 1977): 839 841.

Samuel Huntington and Joan M. Nelson, No Easy Choice: Political Participation in Developing Countries; in Social Science Quarterly, (1977): 939 940.


Servant Leadership. Presented at SECoPA, January 1999, Pensacola, FL.

Assessment in Experiential Learning. Presented at the American Society for Public Administration National Conference, July 1997, Philadelphia, PA.

Servant Leadership. Presented at the Organizational Behavior Teaching Conference, June 1997, Cleveland, OH, with David Leuchauer.

Assessment as Motivation. Presented at the Teaching Public Administration Conference, March 1997. Richmond, VA

Experiential Learning in Public Administration. Presented at the Southeastern Conference for Public Administration, October 1996. Miami FL.

Refining the Empowerment Construct: Middle Managers in State Government. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Public Administration, July 1996, Atlanta, GA; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Evaluating Student Performance. Teaching Public Administration Conference. Savannah, GA. February 1996.

Principles of Experiential Learning. SECOPA. Savannah, GA October 1995.

Public Enterprises in Jordan--Small Steps Toward Privatization. Twenty Third International Congress of Administrative Sciences, Dubai, UAE, 1-5 July, 1995, with Yasir Adwan.

Learning Leadership Through Facing Challenges. Teaching Public Administration Conference. Seattle University, Seattle, WA, March 23-25, 1995, with Lee Holmer.

Reframing Diversity. SECoPA, Lexington, KY, October 6 8, 1994.

Taming Wasta to Achieve Development. Middle East Studies Association Conference, Research Triangle Park, NC, November 12 14, 1993.

Students in Public Organizations: Education for Mutual Benefit. Southeastern Conference For Public Administration, Cocoa Beach, FL, October 6 8, 1993.

"Meet Dr. Clay and Dr. Glass, Candidates for OB Department Chair." Organizational Behavior Teaching Conference, Bucknell University, June 9 12, 1993.

Students as Consultants: Collaborative, Trickle Down Learning. Teaching Public Administration Conference, St. Louis, 1993; with Dragan Stefanovic.

Technology Transfer: A Problematic Occurrence for a No Technical Solution Problem; International Congress of Administrative Sciences, Vienna, Austria, July, 1992; with Yasin Sarayrah.

Teamwork and Diversity: A Strategy for Effectiveness in Mental Health Treatment Teams; American Society for Public Administration, Washington, DC; March, 1991; with Katherine Wallace.

Educating for Administrative Polyarchy; Southeastern Conference on Public Administration, Clearwater, FL; Oct, 1990; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Public Sector Organizational Development: Improving Staff Council Relationships in a Small City. Southeastern Conference on Public Administration, Jackson, MS; Oct, 1989.

A Public Sector Alternative to Privatization. International Congress of Administrative Sciences, Marrakech, Morocco; July, 1989; with Yasir Adwan.

Interpreting Organizations: Life Cycle and Culture Metaphors. Southern Management Association Meeting, Atlanta, GA; Nov 3, 1988.

Privatization in Jordan. ASPA Region VI Conference, Toledo, OH, September, 1988; with Yasir Adwan.

Sparking Management by Confrontation and Collaboration. ASPA Northeast Regional Conference, New York, October, 1987.

Dancing in the Dark: Training State Executives. Teaching Public Administration Conference, May 1986; with Dorothy Olshfski and George Bass.

Public Sector Executive Competencies. American Society of Public Administration meeting, April 1986; with Dorothy Olshfski.

The MPA Student as a Strategic Manager. Teaching Public Administration Conference, March 1985; with Dorothy Olshfski.

Seeking Assessment Center Validity. American Society of Public Administration meeting, April 1984; with Dorothy Olshfski.

The Social Structure of Political Party Conflict in the Multi party, Single Member District, Plurality situation: An Interpretation and Some Canadian Data. Canadian Political Science Association meeting, June 1974; with Henry Jacek.

Ethnic Cleavages as a Source of Partisan Political Conflict in the Multi Party Case: An Interpretation and Some Canadian Data in an Urban Setting," presented at the American Political Science Association meeting, 1974.

Changing Attitudes Toward the Family Among Jordanian Women. Midwest Political Science Association, April 1972.

Differential Loyalities: Split Identification and Voting at the Federal and Provincial Levels. Canadian Political Science Association meeting, 1972.

Personality, Family, and Party Identification Among Canadian University Students. Canadian Political Science Association meeting, June 1971.

The Impact of Local Candidates in Canadian Federal Elections. Canadian Political Science Association meeting. June 1970.

Comparative Urban Voting Behavior: Canada and the United States. American Political Science Association, 1969; with Gilbert Winham.

Political Alienation among Jordanian Teachers. Middle East Studies Association, December 1967.


Conference chair, National Teaching Public Administration Conference, 2002, 1991.

Managing Editor, Public Performance and Management Review, 2001-

Currently serving on the Editorial boards of the following journals: Administrative Theory and Praxis, Review of Public Personnel Administration, International Journal of Organizational Theory and Behavior

Invited Speaker, Ethics and Organization Conference, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, July, 2001.

Invited Keynote speaker, Wisconsin Political Science Association Meeting, Platteville, WI, October, 2000.

Program Chair, SECoPA Annual Meeting, 1997.

Book Review Editor, Public Productivity and Management Review, 1996-2001


Outside Assessor for Tenure and Promotion

2003 Marvin Druker--University of Southern Maine, Karen Evans--Indiana University-Purdue University Northwest, Jerri Killian-Wright State University, Sandra Reinke-Augusta State University, Mary Ann Feldheim-Central Florida University

2002 Jonathan Anderson-University of Alaska, Tom Barth-UNC-Wilmington, Julia Beckett-University of Akron

2001 Kathe Callahan-Rutgers University-Newark, Gail Johnson-Old Dominion University

2000 Patricia Patterson, Florida Atlantic University,

1999 Karen Lindenberg-Western Michigan University

1997 William Tankersley, University of West Florida

1996 Zhiyong Lan, Arizona State University,

1995 Tom Barth, University of Memphis

Other Assessment:

1995 Jamil Jreisat, Professional Excellence Program award program, State of Florida

Fulbright Exchange Scholar Teacher, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan, Spring, 1992.

Speaker, "Management for Natural Resource Development and Environmental Protection" summer program, UT College of Agriculture, 1991 1994, 1996-1998

Archivist, Southeast Conference for Public Administration (SECoPA), 1991- 2003

Director Tennessee Government Executive Institute. Tennessee Department of Personnel, 1983-1990, Project Director, 1991.

Speaker, Hubert Humphrey Fellows Program, University of Tennessee, 1988; 1990; 1991; 1993; 1994, 1995.

Member, Research Advisory Board, Tennessee Department of Youth Development, 1990-93.

Consultant, Organizational Development, City of Kingsport, TN; Nov., 1987 June, 1988.

Faculty exchange, Department of Public Administration, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan; Sept. 1986 Jan. 1987.

Consultant, Tourism Marketing for the City of Gatlinburg, TN; Jan. Mar., 1986.

Director Fast Track Management Training Program. Tennessee Department of Correction, 1983.

Acting Coordinator, Master of Public Administration Program, University of Tennessee. 1981-1983.

Participant, A.I.D. Development Administration Workshop, Washington, June, 1982.

Subcontractor, Community Development Evaluation, HUD grants, Spring 1973 and Summer 1974.

Consultant, Water Pollution and Local Government Study, grant received by Gil Winham from Government of Ontario, 1971.

Reviewer for Journal of Politics and Midwest Journal of Political Science.

Consultant, Capacity Building Project, grant from HEW to TML/IPS; 1975.

Frequent appearances on local television as commentator on the Middle East, Fall and Winter 1990-1991. Occasional appearances since then.


Faculty Public Service Award, University of Tennessee, 2003.

Pugliese Award: Given by the Southeast Conference for Public Administration for dedicated contributions, 1999.

University of Tennessee; Faculty Research Award, Summer, 1995.

Fulbright award for teaching and research at Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan; January 1992 June 1992.

Tennessee Government Executive Institute; a $25,000 contract yearly between the Department of Political Science and the Tennessee Department of Personnel, 1983-1990.

University of Tennessee Yarmouk University faculty exchange, 1986-87.

Fast Track Management Training Program; a $15,000 contract with the Tennessee Department of Correction, 1983.

Community Development Study; a $5,000 grant under auspices of UT Institute for Public Service. Awarded in 1974.

Community Development Study; a $10,000 grant under the auspices of UT Institute for Public Service. Awarded in 1972.